Easily Prune Fruit Trees Correctly

Easily Prune Fruit Trees Correctly


A lot of you folks have a real issue
with pruning fruit trees, especially if you’re trying to gain a shape or
something like that. Now I did an episode on pruning in the
winter, on how to control the growth of the tree and everything else. As you
can see behind me these are Cordon’s that we planted around about 18 months
ago, as a single year plant and as you can see they’ve gone absolutely nuts, and
that was because we pruned them in the winter. In this episode we’re going to
talk about winter and summer pruning and we’re going to talk about how best to
get these trees to fruit much more than they already are, and that’s coming up
after this. Welcome back to UK Here We Grow
I’m Tony O’Neill and if this is your first time here consider hitting that
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So fruit trees guys, pruning fruit trees isn’t difficult but I’m finding a lot of
people are sending me questions every single year saying or I’m having real
issues and you know I’m afraid of what I am cutting off and not sure what to cut off.
Well, there’s two methods for pruning there’s winter pruning and this summer
pruning. Now, winter pruning if you prune in the winter that gives you all of this
growth as you can see here there’s loads and loads and loads of growth, now, what
that does it makes the tree stronger it gets the shape you want much quicker and
it’s really good for designing shapes of trees so, in this instance cordons
or espalier like we have further down. But these trees like I said are only about
18 months old and last winter we pruned them really hard and it gave us all of
this top growth here. Now, summer pruning which is now we need the time to do it
which is August second week in August and what we need to do for this now is
we need to get control back, and as you can see in this one here we’ve done a
really good job we’ve got that shape we want it goes right to the top of the
cable and we’ve got a fantastic shape ready for next year. Now next year this
actual cordon here is going to be plastered in fruit, so how do we get that
fruit. Well. as you can see I’ve got a couple of apples already on here in fact
with some really good ones on here. But, and that was just from last year’s
pruning but this year what we need to do is create what’s known as fruiting spurs and
they come from when we prune back all of this top growth here, now fruiting spurs
are little stems if you like that come off the main
trunk of the tree and the fruit then grow on that next year. Now, you have to
have a variety which is known as spur fruiting variety and there are hundreds
and hundreds of varieties of Apple pears plums whatever you fancy, okay? And they
can all be trained in the in Cordon’s espaliers fans on whatever you have. Now
it isn’t hard guys a lot of people worry that they’re
taking off too much and that’s one of the biggest problems that a lot of
people have is the next year they won’t get any fruit because they’ve taken off
too much. So in general guys, we’re pruning back to
about an inch in length we’re always pruning back to an outward
facing bud and that outward facing bud is going to then grow for next year what
this does it creates some fruiting wood that the plant will fruit on next
year. Now this one that we’ve done here, will
fruit Loads next year, as you can see they are outward facing fruiting buds
all the way down this cordon branch and next year you’re gonna see that
absolutely jam-packed with fruit. This one we need to get on with, but, I’m gonna
show you how we get in you know as you can see we’re coming in nice and close
we’re looking for an outward facing bud and then we’re just gonna prune off down
to about an inch. Inch and a half on the fruiting wood and this is what’s going
to give us a shape we’re going to continue all the way up the branch. Now
this tree in particular is really thick branches all over the place but we’ve
got some really good apples on here as well. So we’re going to leave those
apples and we’re going to prune down to here to an outward facing bud and we
are going to cut at an angle on the outward facing bud
and that will become next year’s spurs. We’re literally just gonna go around
the tree don’t be afraid to cut it just cut it at a slight angle so the rain
runs off, and that will leave our fruiting spurs for next year and when
you get going on this guy’s that one’s okay when you get going on this it
doesn’t take long at all as you can see I’m really going through it so this one
I’m just gonna see if I can get in it cut at an angle. I need to cut more of an
angle on this one looks it’s quite flat the rain will get in there so I’m just
gonna come up above the Apple and do it that way you really need a good sharp
pair of secateurs and these ones aren’t the best but they will do for now. So,
again all we’re doing is cutting back to that fruiting spur this is going to give
us the shape that we require. I’m gonna continue doing this tree, here
guys. Just so you can see and then we’re gonna finish up this video. As you can
see we’ve just done three trees here we’ve cut them all back to these nice
little stems and it didn’t take no time at all. Some of these now we will tie
in and reshape get them flatter again we’ve cut off some really sizable
branches, and let me show you what I’m saying about that. I mean look at this
branch This is summers, one summers growth it is
absolutely it’s bigger than my finger my thumb is about the same thickness as
this branch. Now that that’s gone that’s gonna create a lovely fruiting spur
ready for next year and these cordons are gonna be absolutely plastered in
fruit next year. Just like these espalier’s are that you
can’t quite see around here, but I’ll give you a little look at those in a
moment. So guys I’m gonna get on with the rest of these it’s not difficult all I
gotta do is remember three principles guys summer fruiting gives you fruiting
spurs for next year. Winter pruning gives you growth for next year now we’ve
got our cordon’s to the height we need we’re not gonna have to do any winter
pruning on these it’s just all be summer. The other tip you need to remember is
remember to leave a good inch of the hardwood branch which will become your
new fruiting spur so next year you will get plenty and plenty of fruit. okay? I’m
gonna get on with the rest of these I hope that this episode was of interest
to you guys and I hope that it’s cleared up all of the issues you have. Question
of the day. How many of you grow in cordon or espalier fruit? do you prune
the same way? put all of your comments down in the box below. I’d really be
interested to see how you’re doing it and what varieties you’re actually
growing. So there you have it guys, pruning fruit trees, it’s not hard, it’s
not rocket science. All you need to do is get out there and cut away you can do it
really really quickly. Don’t forget guys Click that subscribe button and the bell
notification to be told every time that we put up a new video such as this I’m
Tony O’Neill this is UK Here We Grow and remember You Reap What You Sow! I’ll see you in the next one. Bye, Bye.