Cardiology Care Companion Program (hygiene and healthy diet included)

Cardiology Care Companion Program (hygiene and healthy diet included)


Hello everyone! My name is Anand I welcome all of you to this programme. Before we begin, I request all of you to keep your mobile phones on silent mode. Also refrain from talking during the class.
Maintain silence. Incase you feel like you need to leave the program, make sure to do so quietly without disturbing anyone. When someone in the family is admitted in the hospital, everyone will be anxious and worried. You may also be anxious and worried about your patient But now there is nothing to be worried In this video, I will be advising you on the diet for a heart patient (what to eat and what not to eat) what exercises one must do, when to go to the doctor
Please do watch this video. after you watch this video, if you still have any doubts or questions, ask the nurse and get it clarified. not just that, after watching the video, we’ll give you a free book on what you need to do to lead a healthy life. It is very useful, please make sure to use it. learning the same hygiene as the doctors and nurses is the most important skill you should learn to prevent your family member from getting sick from germs after surgery, hygiene especially handwashing, is extremely important sometimes your hands may look clean, but they are not. Germs are very very small bacteria that you cannot see with your eyes , but if they enter your body, it can make you sick, its therefore important to kill these germs, by washing your hands with clean water and antibacterial soap before eating and before touching your family member , you must wash your hands there are 7 steps in handwashing, first, wet your fingers and palms with clean water and put an antibacterial soap like dettol on your hands second , rub your hands together, third, rub the top of your hands four, rub between your fingers fifth, rub your finger nails 6th rub your wrist finally, as the rinse your hands with clean water and dry them with a clean towel Let’s learn how to avoid pressure over the angiogram and angioplasty sites and care for it. angiogram / angioplasty could be on your thigh or on your hand. for up to 2 days after the procedure, one must be very careful so as to avoid pressure over the punctured sites. Do not take part in any strenuous activity such as lifting anything that weighs more than 1 kg; like a bucket of water, carrying children, a bag of groceries etc. washing clothes by hand Strenuous exercising, pulling or pushing a heavy door Pulling and pushing vehicles Please don’t do any of these for the first three days Constipation for a couple of days post angiogram/ angioplasty is normal However,it is very important that one does not apply too much pressure while in the toilet. if constipation persists, do seek medical advice / attention Let’s learn about medicines that help to prevent clots Firstly, why should one take blood thinners? Cardiac patients are at risk of developing blood clots which blocks the blood flow inside the body and leads to heart attack and stroke. So in these patients, medicines are given in the form of tablets and injections which will prevent blood clots and help the blood flow easily So, what precautions must be taken while taking these medicines? People who take these medicines have to be extremely careful so as to not get hurt As they are more prone to excessive bleeding. Be careful while using any sharp things like knife, Scissors,
razors etc. incase you do hurt yourself, put a clean cloth on the wound and apply tight pressure and if the bleeding does not stop-you must rush to hospital immediately Apart from that if there are bruises in any part of the body without reason, Bleeding from the nose or gums Blood in stool or black stool severe headache or
Vomiting If you see any of these signs, go to the doctor immediately Awareness about warfarin medicines Warfarin is a special type of blood thinner. Those of you who are advised to take warfarin, must be aware of a few things Those patients taking Warfarin, must not change the quantity of the green vegetables and green leafy vegetables that is consumed by them per one week Especially, the quantity of spinach soya bean, cabbage , cauliflower should not be changed all of a sudden for example, on Monday, if you eat half a bowl of veggies eat the same quantity of veggies on the rest of the days if you start eating more or less of these, let your doctor know about this and get your blood tested. Its important to follow the diet prescribed by your hospital dietician As per your doctor’s instructions, get the INR blood tests done regularly and without fail As per this , the doctor will prescribe the dosage of Warfarin Remember that failing to get the INR test done could be life-threatening. Whenever you meet any doctor always inform that you are taking warfarin tablets Warfarin tablet(s) must be taken once a day, at the same time every day. Like mentioned earlier, take precautions to avoid any kinds of cuts in the body, also make sure to go to the doctor when there are signs of bleeding Some important things to be kept in mind in order to have a healthy heart are, It is very important to take medicines as prescribed by the doctor suddenly stopping the medicines, Changing them, or changing the dosage of the medicine without consulting the doctor can be very dangerous Continue taking medicines at the same time, for the length of time prescribed by the doctor consuming Tobacco in any form for example beedi, cigarette ,pan masala, or in any other form can cause heart attack or stroke and many other diseases Practice Yoga, and meditation. To help you to stop smoking and consuming alcohol, consult your doctor or visit the de-addiction centre at Nimhans Remember, by quitting smoking and drinking you will lead a healthier life And not just that, you can prevent cancer and various other deadly diseases diet is not only essential for a patients recovery, but for everyone in your family to be healthy the most important thing is to follow the diet that your clinical dietician advices you One,You need to eat nutritious meals, to help your body get stronger its not the quantity of food that you eat that matters, but the quality of it that matters. you have to follow the small and frequent meal pattern, that is nutritious. Three main meals, 8 glasses of water and one fruit each day If you eat too much, your stomach can get too big, and makes it uncomfortable to do your breathing exercises. Two, for a healthy heart, you need to eat more healthy food that are low in fat and cholesterol This is because food that is high in fat and cholesterol, increase the chance of having a heart attack Third, atleast half your plate should be filled with vegetables Instructions for patients with a pacemaker pacemaker is a device put in your body to support your heart beating or assist it in case of emergencies. Knowing how to care for it will always help you. Whenever or whichever doctor you may meet, inform them that you have a pacemaker in you especially before getting any tests done Any alarm sounds in the pacemaker machine, consult the doctor nearby immediately. those of you, who have a pacemaker, must not go through the security scan machine in malls, airport, railway stations etc. show the security guard your pacemaker ID card and avoid going into the scan machine Those of you who have a pacemaker, do exercises like this on the side of the operated arm 1….2…. 3… Also do not lift that hand over the shoulder. Those of you who have a pacemaker, must not carry heavy weights such as bucket of water, a bag of groceries etc. on the operated side. Do not shower for a week However,use a clean cloth, dip it in water and take a sponge bath everyday Do not keep the phone on the same side as that of the pacemaker Do not drive car or sit or ride a scooter for 2 weeks. I hope that all the information we have given you has been useful to you If you want to know more about heart care, kindly give a missed call to this number Thank you for spending this much time with us.