Basic English Grammar – HAVE, HAS, HAD – LIVE Workshop Replay – Examples & Exercises for Correct Use


hello there and welcome back to another
live workshop in this lesson I’m going to teach you how to use have has and had
correctly so here’s the plan for this lesson we will start by talking about
the basics of form that is how to choose between have has and had four different
subjects then we’ll talk about the uses of the verb have and then we’ll discuss
how to decide if the verb have should be used as a state or an action verb in a
sentence that is where you can use having the ing form correctly and then
we have four exercises in which we’ll practice
choosing between have and has and then choosing between have has and had for
the past tense and then we’ll practice using having correctly and finally we’ll
discuss how to make negatives and questions with the verb have now before
we start the lesson I just wanted to point out you can download the full
lesson notes with all of the exercises and all of the examples using the link
in the description of this video alright so let’s start with the basics of where
to use have has and had now what you see on the screen is the full chart with
all the rules you need to know for this verb now this chart is also available in
the file that you can download from the link in the description so you can see
here that we have three sections the first section deals with affirmative
sentences affirmative just means positive so affirmative sentences are
positive statements the second section is about negative sentences and the last
section deals with questions we’ll go over all of these rules but for now to
understand the basics we’re just going to focus on the first section
affirmative sentences remember that affirmative just means positive
statements so what we see here is if the subject of a sentence is I you we they
or any plural noun then we use have as the
verb if the subject is he/she/it or any singular noun then we use has now this
is in the present if we’re talking only about the past it’s very easy as you can
see here we use had for all subjects now you might be thinking wait a minute the
pronoun I is not plural and the pronoun you could be singular or plural
depending on the situation so why are we mixing these pronouns with plurals well
we’re not the rule is simply that if the subject is I or if the subject is you or
if the subject is we they or any plural then for all of these subjects we just
use have okay if the subject is he/she/it or any singular we use has
we’re not saying that i is plural okay keep that in mind now if the sentence is
in the past tense of course we just use had so with this knowledge let’s talk
about the various uses of the verb have you see six uses listed on the screen
these are the most common and the most important uses of have the first use is
ownership for example we have a car that means we own a car so the verb have
means own here the second use is relationship
Bruce has a wife and two kids obviously it doesn’t mean that he owns them here
the verb has just shows a relationship between Bruce and his family now note
that we’re using has because the subject of the sentence is Bruce and Bruce is a
singular noun now if the subject were I we would say I
have a wife and two kids but here Bruce is singular so we’re
saying has now use number three is to express features what is a feature a
feature is a characteristic or a quality of a person
or thing for example Anu has a fantastic singing voice the voice is a quality or
characteristic of Anu we say Anu has because again Anu is a singular noun
like Bruce the next use is to talk about illness that is being sick I have a
really bad headache today that means I am suffering from a headache today use
number five is to talk about experiences for example I hope you have a great time
at the party that means I hope you enjoy yourself I hope your experience is good
I hope your experience is fun so the verb have is expressing experience in
the sentence now here the verb has experiences positive experience
but we can also talk about negative experiences with the verb in phrases
like to have trouble to have difficulty to have problems etc and we will look at
some examples of that later on in this lesson and finally the last use use
number six is to talk about eating or drinking my colleagues usually have
lunch at 1 p.m. now we can also say my colleagues usually eat lunch at 1 p.m.
and the meaning would be the same the verb have just means eat in the sentence
I just want to point out that we’re saying have not has because my
colleagues is a plural subject if it was 1 colleague we would say has but more
than one colleague colleagues is a plural so we’re using have as the verb
so as you can see here there are lots of different uses different meanings for
the verb have aren’t there and actually if you go to your dictionary you might
find that there are even more meanings even more uses for this verb but these
six are the most important now there is an important point here that you need to
know about and that has to do with state and action meanings of the verb now
these four here the first four uses are actually states that means
they express some general situation when I say we have a car in this first use
there’s no action being performed here it just expresses a state of ownership
similarly Bruce has a wife and two kids again there’s no action here this
sentence just expresses a state of relationship and it’s the same with
number three and four as well they’re general situations they’re not actions
so for this reason it is always wrong to use ing or continuous forms in these
uses if you say we’re having a car Bruce is having a wife and two kids Anu is
having a fantastic singing voice I’m having a really bad headache today all
of those are wrong in fact it’s a very common mistake this is something that I
hear a lot of my students say and this is something that you should avoid if
you’re using the verb have as a state verb don’t use an ING form with it
however in uses five and six to talk about experiences or to talk about
eating or drinking you can use continuous forms you can say I’m having
a great time at this party that doesn’t express a general situation
it expresses something I’m experiencing right now in the same way we can also
say my colleagues are having lunch now because remember have just means eat in
this context and that expresses an action and we can talk about it in the
form of a continuous action also you can talk about the past that is you can use
past continuous forms with experiences or to talk about eating and drinking by
that I mean you can say I was having a great time at the party but then I had
to leave okay was having is a past tense use my colleagues were having lunch when
our boss came into the office and told everybody to get back to work okay so my
colleagues were having is a past tense use so the thing you
have to remember is that if you’re talking about ownership relationship a
feature or a quality or an illness these are all situations and you should not
use ing forms with them if you’re talking about experiences we were
talking about eating or drinking then it’s okay to use having so with all of
this in mind I think you now have enough knowledge for us to go to the first
exercise in our lesson you see the form chart again we’re going to practice
putting have and has in the correct place I’m going to show you ten
sentences in each one I want you to tell me if you would use have or has so let’s
go to the exercise in each sentence fill in the gap with have or has I’m going to
put right here on the side I’m gonna put the rule here remember i you we they
have he she it has right here’s the first one i have friend who works at IBM
mmm means blank so i a friend works at IBM would you say have or has well the
subject is i so there should be have i have a friend who works at IBM lucy a
large family have or has well Lucy is the name of a girl so it’s like saying
she so she has lucy has a large family and notice here that both of these
sentences talk about relationship I have a friend means it expresses a
relationship between me and another person who’s my friend Lucy has a large
family also expresses a relationship with her family but here we say have
because the subject is I and here we say has because the subject is Lucy number
three feel free to ask if you any questions what’s the subject
the subject is you so have feel free to ask if you have any questions the Smiths
pizza for dinner every day have or has the Smiths means the Smith family this
is a plural subject so it’s like saying they all right so the Smiths have pizza
for dinner every day next one Sushil an MS in electrical engineering Sushil is a
male name it’s like saying he so Sushil has an MS in electrical
engineering we a house in California we have a house in California now before we
go on to the next one I just want to point out in number four have means eat
right and then in number five Sushil has an MS means he owns that degree he
possesses that degree in number six we own a house in California is what it
means whenever you see sentences with have has or had just think about the
use that sentence expresses think about the meaning because that will often help
you to decide between the present tense or the base form of the verb and the ing
form of the verb okay alright number seven my cellphone a 16 megapixel
camera my cell phone has a 16 megapixel camera why has because my cell phone is
a singular subject it’s like saying it so it has is correct
and this sentence talks about equality so the 16 megapixel camera is a feature
of my cell phone number 8 we a flight to South Paulo on Saturday morning we have
a flight to South Paulo this sentence actually talks about a planned
experience or an event or a trip in the future here we have a flight to South
Paulo on Saturday morning that is a time in the future
number nine I always coffee first thing in the morning I always drink
coffee is what we mean the subject is I so I always have coffee and number ten
Clara no time to cook in the morning because she leaves early for work Clara
is a girl’s name so Clara has no time to cook in the morning because she leaves early
for work how many of these ten did you get right if you’re watching this live
let me know in the chat box if you’re watching the replay let me know in the
comments section below okay now we’re going to do our second
exercise in this exercise you have to choose between have and has and also had
so we’re going to add had to the mix here so this means some sentences will
be in the past tense and if a sentence is in the past tense you use had if a
sentence is in the present then you use have or has depending on the subject all
right let’s go to the exercise let me add here that if a sentence is in the
past tense you should use had I forgot to put had over here in the
rubric in the heading just remember that if a sentence is in the past you have to
use had I cereal and orange juice for breakfast today have has or had what
would you use actually the correct answer is had here because by today we
mean this morning okay I had cereal and orange juice in the past it was the
recent past but it was still in the past so had number two Radha beautiful eyes
doesn’t she what would you put here have has or had
well the question tag here says doesn’t she so we are talking about the present
so Radha has beautiful blue eyes again if you think about it we don’t normally
say Radha had beautiful blue eyes in the past and now she doesn’t have them
anymore that doesn’t make sense so has is correct
number three have you ever thought about getting into acting you a great talent
for it what do you think you have a great talent for it because we’re giving
that person a compliment okay and we don’t give past compliments to people we
give present compliments we’re saying a good thing
we’re praising that person’s talent number four we a lot of difficulty
finding John’s house on the day of the party so on the day of the party tells
you that this sentence talks about a past that’s a past expression so we had
a lot of difficulty number five I’m taking the kids to the amusement park
tomorrow they always a lot of fun there they
always so it talks about a general thing they always have a lot of fun there
number six Ross a lot of money but he lost it all
on the stock market so the money was there but he lost it all so now it’s
gone so we’re talking about the past Ross had a lot of money but he lost it all on
the stock market number seven what many guests like about this hotel is that it
its own gym and swimming pool so guests still like this fact about the hotel so
if they still like it we need a present tense verb so what many guests liked
about this hotel is that it has its own gym and swimming pool number eight we a
small accident on the way here so as we were coming here an accident happened to
us we had a small accident on the way on the way here
number nine okay this is a little tricky I wish I my glasses right now I
often trouble reading without them so there are two blanks in the first blank
what we actually have is a construction with the verb wish I wish
I what do you think I wish I have no here it should actually be had because
the rule is that if you use the verb wish the next clause always uses a past
tense verb that’s just how the verb wish is so here we know we need a past
tense verb what about here I often have has or had well here’s the answer I
often have trouble reading without them because the the adverb often shows you
that we’re talking about something that happens on a regular basis so we need a
present tense verb I wish I had my glasses right now I often have trouble
reading without them right number 10 I heard mr. Gupta a heart attack last
week I heard mr. Gupta had a heart attack
last week because we’re talking about the past okay how many did you get right let
me know in the chat box I’d like to see I’d like to keep a tab on your progress
as we go along in this lesson okay now we move on to exercise number three this
one is a little different in this exercise we’re going to practice using
having correctly remember that I told you that
when have is used as a state verb that is when it expresses a situation
like ownership relationship a quality characteristic or an illness in those
situations you cannot use the ing form having well that’s what we’re going to
practice here in this exercise we’re going to look at ten sentences now these
are all sentences that we’ve seen already in this lesson but I’ve made
some slight changes to them and some of these sentences will be correct and some
will be wrong each sentence will contain the verb having and I want you to decide
if that use is okay or if it’s not okay alright here’s the first one
lucy is having a large family okay or not okay well this is not okay why can
you tell me why this is not okay well it’s because have expresses a
relationship here so we’re not talking about Lucy doing any continuous action
Lucy is having a large family is she doing any action
no it just expresses a situation so Lucy has a large family okay number two I
wish I had my glasses we saw that previously I’m having trouble reading
this small print in this book in front of me that I have in my hands right now
at this moment so is this correct or is it wrong
well this talks about experience it talks about a negative experience by
saying have trouble and in this sentence the verb appears to express something
happening at this instant so this is correct because we’re not expressing a
general situation we’re talking about something that’s happening right now so
it’s okay next one my cellphone is having a 16 megapixel camera yay or nay
well this sentence expresses a feature of the camera okay and that is something
that’s general it’s a state use so you cannot use having my cell phone has a 16
megapixel camera number 4 you’re having lunch with your friends tomorrow aren’t
you correct or not well here having talks about eating right that’s what
we mean here you are eating lunch with your friends tomorrow so we’re
expressing a future plan for expressing future plans it’s okay to use continuous
forms of verbs and here because we’re talking about eating this is correct
you’re having lunch with your friends tomorrow you are eating lunch
with your friends tomorrow same meaning number
five Radha is having beautiful blue eyes yes
or no no Radha has beautiful blue eyes is correct because that is a
characteristic a feature of her body number six Clara was having breakfast
when the doorbell rang this should be easy for you this is correct because we
mean Clara was eating breakfast when the doorbell rang and here you see
having used in a past sense Clara was having breakfast that’s also okay right
number seven I think I’m having a fever are you having a thermometer okay two
having’s here are they both correct are they both wrong is one correct and the
other wrong actually they are both wrong I think I have a fever do you have a
thermometer and that is because I think I have a fever expresses an illness
which is a state or a situation do you have a thermometer means
do you own a thermometer do you have a thermometer available with you okay that
is also something that expresses state or situation so in both of these you
cannot use ing forms number 8 Ross is a rich man he is having a lot of money
right or wrong wrong he has a lot of money again because this talks about ownership
I’m at the amusement park with the kids and they’re having a great time here
yeah or nay yay this is correct because I’m at the amusement park with
the kids right now and they are experiencing something good something
positive they’re having a good experience now that’s what we mean by
they’re having a great time have a great time means to have a good experience so
this is okay last one we’re having a house in California
wrong we have a house in California’s correct because the
sentence expresses ownership okay this exercise I’m sure was a little tricky
but if this was a little difficult for you I suggest that you watch that
portion again in the replay I suggest you go through this exercise again
because this this error putting having in state verb uses of the verb have is
very very common it’s a very common mistake and it’s something that you
should learn to avoid okay good job getting through this exercise and now
finally we’re going to talk about how to make negatives and questions using have
has and had thankfully if you’ve got the idea of using these correctly in
affirmative sentences which is what we’ve been discussing so far in this
lesson if you understand this first portion then making negatives and
questions is very easy it just deals with changing the form of the verb
slightly so we have the form chart here we’re first going to do negative
sentences and then we’ll come back and do questions so we see here that in the
present tense to make negatives we use don’t have if the subject is I you we
they or any plural if the subject is he she or it or any singular now then we
use doesn’t have all right we’re going to go to this document I have over here
it’s actually a Google sheets document it’s kind of like Excel I have ten
sentences here actually I have eleven sentences and we’re going to go through
these and make negatives out of these sentences up here on the top I have the rules for
making negatives i you we they plural don’t have he/she/it singular doesn’t
have past tense for all subjects you just say didn’t have now I wanted to
point out very quickly that we’re saying doesn’t have for he/she/it and singular
notice that for both i you we they and for he/she it the verb we’re using is
the base form we’re just saying have however for he she it or singular nouns
we’re adding s to the verb do and we’re
saying does doesn’t have so that s the third person singular s is still being
used okay first sentence lucy has a large
family how do you make that a negative lucy is like saying she lucy is a
singular noun so Lucy doesn’t have a large family the Smiths have pizza for
dinner every day negative the Smiths don’t have pizza for dinner every day
why don’t have because the Smiths are a plural subject Sushil has an MS in
electrical engineering no I think you’re wrong Sushil doesn’t sorry about that Sushil I wanted to do
that in dramatic fashion that didn’t work obviously
Sushil doesn’t have pizza for dinner every day Sushil doesn’t have an MS
in electrical engineering we have a house in California we don’t have a
house in California that’s the negative my cell phone has a 16 megapixel camera
negative my cell phone doesn’t have a 16 megapixel camera it only has an 8
megapixel camera I always have coffee in the morning
I never have coffee in the morning of course you could say I don’t always have
coffee in the morning that is all so sorry about that that is also correct however I’ve said I never have
coffee in the morning because never is the opposite of always okay so that that
sentence is a lot closer in meaning I never have coffee too the first sentence
so that’s why I’ve said never but if you want to say don’t perfectly okay I had
cereal and orange juice for breakfast today
past tense so what should we say very easy didn’t have for all subjects I didn’t have cereal and orange juice for
breakfast today Radha has beautiful blue eyes doesn’t she well Radha
doesn’t have beautiful blue eyes does she I’m laughing because this is not a
nice thing to say to anybody you should never say this but for illustration
purposes this is how we would make the negative sentence but it’s a very mean
thing to say so don’t say that to anybody we had a lot of difficulty
finding John’s house on the day of the party we didn’t have a lot of difficulty
or you could actually also say we didn’t have any difficulty finding John’s house
on the day of the party that’s also correct number 10 this hotel has its own
gym and swimming pool negative this hotel doesn’t have its own gym and
swimming pool mr. Gupta had a heart attack last week
mr. Gupta didn’t have a heart attack last week
that is the negative so as you can see negative forms of have house and hat are
very easy don’t have doesn’t have in the present tense and didn’t have in the
past so now let’s go back to our form chart and I’m up here again
now we’re going to move on to question forms with question forms once again to
make negatives we use the verb do but now you see that the verb do is right
here at the beginning so we start with do and then we put the subject of the
sentence the subject is just i you we they are plural or he/she/it
so if the subject is I you we or they we put do first then the subject and
then have and then the rest of the sentence the subject is he/she/it the do
becomes does that’s all in the past tense we use did so did plus the subject
plus half alright with that let’s go back and I’m back down here alright here
we are once again you see the form right up here if you want to refer to it lucy
has a large family how do we make that a question
lucy is a singular subject so we need to say does so does lucy have a large
family again does plus the subject plus have does Lucy have a large family or
you could say if you want to make a negative doesn’t Lucy have a large
family I thought she did I thought Lucy’s family was pretty big but now
you’re telling me that Lucy’s family is not big so doesn’t Lucy have a large
family that’s a negative question the Smiths have pizza for dinner every day
how do you make a negative oh pardon me how do you make a question do the Smiths
have pizza for dinner every day every day
Sushil has an MS in electrical engineering does Sushil have a master’s degree to me
that seemed like a more natural question but you could also say does Sushil
have an MS in electrical engineering or doesn’t Sushil have a master’s
degree I’m just showing you these negative
sentences so you know how to make them but it’s not overly important because
these types of negative sentences are not as common in speech as are positive
questions we have a house in California you make that a negative or a question I
keep saying negative when I mean question do you have a house in
California my cell phone has a 16 megapixel camera does your cell phone
have a camera or does your cell phone have a 16 megapixel camera I always have
coffee first thing in the morning do you ever have coffee in the morning
that’s a more natural question you can also ask do you always have coffee in
the morning don’t you always have coffee in the morning I thought you always had
coffee in the morning like that I had cereal and orange juice for breakfast
today did you have cereal and orange juice for breakfast today that sounds
like something a policeman might ask you if they’re interrogating tell me did you
have cereal and orange juice for breakfast today Radha has beautiful blue eyes
doesn’t she know this is already a question so I’m going to make a negative
out of this and I’m gonna say doesn’t rather have beautiful blue eyes we had a
lot of difficulty finding John’s house on the day of the party did you have any
difficulty finding finding John’s house on the day of the party this hotel has
its own gym and swimming pool does this hotel have its own gym and swimming pool
okay I’m sure that this exercise was pretty easy for you all you had to do
was follow this very very simple rule with practice this becomes very easy and
I’m sure that you will be using these correctly as a final point with these
questions I just want to point out that if you
want to use a question word now all of these questions that we’ve seen here
these are all yes-or-no questions does Lucy have a large family yes or no do
the Smiths have pizza for dinner every day yes they do or no they don’t
but if you want to add a question word you just put that at the beginning of
the sentence for example what do the Smiths have for dinner every day okay
what do the Smiths have for dinner every day what degree does Sushil
have or what kind of camera does your cell phone have now the question word
can be what or it can be it can be who which it can be where so whatever
question word you can think of you can put that at the beginning of the
sentence now if the sentence you’re asking is a if the question you’re
asking is a subject question let me show you an example I think I forgot to do
this exercise mr. Gupta had a heart attack last week did mr. Gupta had a
heart have a heart attack last week so here if we know that someone had a heart
attack but we’re not sure who that person was we don’t use this form we use
a different form for subject questions we would say who had a heart attack last
week so the answer would be mr. Gupta had a heart attack last week this type
of question is obviously a little different because you have who or what
or whatever question word plus the subject plus have has or had without the
helping verb do this is in subject questions so subject questions are a
little different but subject questions are not the most common
question form just remember that for most questions that ask about the object of a
sentence this is the form that we use and this is the important form ok this
is what you really need to remember all right so that brings us to the end of
this live workshop remember that you can download all of the lesson notes with
this form chart that you see on the screen and all of the examples and all
the exercises using the link in the description you can get all of these as
one file I hope you enjoyed this lesson if you have any questions as always you
can let me know in the chat box or in the comment section below and I will see
you in another lesson soon soon