11 Tempting Fruits that are DEADLY | Top 10 Fruits You’ve Never Heard Of Ep.18

Around the world are plants that produce fruits
that look delicious but are deadly. First up we have the paddy melon or scientifically
the Cucumis myriocarpus. Sometimes referred to as the gooseberry cucumber,
gooseberry gourd, mallee pear or prickly paddy melon this melon while looking like a weird
mix of a watermelon or cantaloupe. This climbing annual herb native to tropical
and southern Africa produces a yellow fruit with green stripes is covered with soft spines. The presence of cucurbitacin, a biochemical
compound with a bitter taste, can cause hair loss, vomiting, nausea and food poisoning
like symptoms. Once a food for prehistoric beasts like the
mastodons and mammoths, their bodies could process the cucurbitacin and they would disperse
the seeds in their poop continuing the propagation of these plants. After the ice age was over and these animals
were wiped off the planet these are been a decline in the spread of the paddy melon without
their big furry friends to help them out. Now you might be thinking animals of today
could do the same job of the prehistoric beasts but that isn’t the case as horses, sheep,
pigs, cattle etc all fall incredibly ill after consuming the paddy melon. Currently the paddy melon grows in California
and Australia were it is considered a weed. For much time they would be confused with
the Citrullus lanatus or the watermelon has wild ancestors of this common fruit we enjoy
were much smaller than cultivated ones today. Despite the wild watermelons being smaller
the paddy melon is typically even smaller sometimes the size of a large golf ball. Another giveaway is the unpleasant odor that
waffs out upon opening a paddy melon not to mention it looking like a watermelon but tasting
bitter which should be a major red flag. Widespread found in Europe, Turkey and the
Caucasus, it has many… MANY names which many of these I can’t say
on this channel but you can take a look for yourself on the screen. “snakeshead, adder’s root, arum, wild arum,
arum lily, lords-and-ladies, devils and angels, cows and bulls, cuckoo-pint, soldiers diddies,
priest’s pintle, Adam and Eve, bobbins, friar’s cowl and a few others. Of these names the ones such as lords and
ladies are in reference to this plant’s gender likeness to male and female parts. The most common name we are going to go with
is wild arum fruit. Purple spotted leaves appear in spring followed
by a spike of flowers called a spadix. Insects are lured into this little house around
the spadix where they are trapped by a ring of hairs which covers them in pollen. Upon escape, they will go pollinate the nearby
female flowers. This spadix is most commonly purple but is
sometimes yellow. In autumn the female flowers produce these
clusters of bright red berries that look incredibly tasty but are extremely poisonous. Being full of saponins and oxalates which
both inhibit the absorption of essentials the body needs, proteins in the case of saponins
and iron and calcium in the case of oxalates. On top of this these compounds have needle
shaped crystals that irritate the skin, tongue, throat and mouth which can cause throat swelling,
burning pain, upset stomach and difficulty breathing. When consumed their acrid taste is followed
by an immediate tingling sensation in the mouth. This plant is one of the most common causes
of accidental plant poisoning seen at hospitals. What is edible about this plant is the root
which grows more than a foot underground. It was once traded under the name Portland
sago and used like salep or orchid flour to make saloop a popular drink before the creation
of tea or coffee. Used as a substitute for arrowroot the portland
sago root if not prepared properly is also highly toxic. Native to north america this wild cucumber
vine isn’t like anything from the grocery store.. Well unless you shop somewhere weird.This
fast growing vine up to 25 feet or 8 meters grows so fast that they are often used to
grow along an arbour, trellis or fence. Once they get a foothold in the land they
are very hard to get rid of becoming an annoying weed that takes over everything. Inside the fruit are seed pods that contain
4 large flat black seeds. Cucurbitacines the toxic substance discussed
before with the paddy melon are also present in the wild cucumber. That’s the one that has food poisoning like
symptoms, can cause hair loss, nausea and vomiting. The redoul or scientifically Coriaria myrtifolia
is a fleshy black berry similar to a blackberry but is toxic to eat. It actually looks very similar to a surinam
cherry just dark. I dangerous one for youngsters to stay away
from the redoul should be recognized as one of the most neurotoxic plants in the western
Mediterranean area. Geographically, this species is confined to
northern Mediterranean coastal Spain and Southern France and penetrating into Italy as far as
part of the Apennine Mountains. The oldest known mention of this plant dates
back to 932 when someone probably one and realized soon after that was a really bad
idea as Pepto hadn’t been invented yet. Forming from 5 black fleshy carpels into one
fruit, these fruit and their leaves contain coriamyrtin a toxic compound that is known
for nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, convulsions and respiratory problems. What this plant is used for are it’s tannins. Dyes have been made from the redoul since
the middle ages as it is able to transform certain skins and leathers that are resistant
to dyes. It was also used as the basis for the manufacturing
of some inks for writing but as tattoo inks. Commonly called buttonbush, common button
bush, button-willow, or honey-bells This deciduous shrub produces spherical inflorescence
clusters that are about half the length of a finger. The fruit produced a cluster of nutlets or
achenes which is a simple, dry fruit. These can look like a tasty lychee when they
turn red but contain cephalathin which will induce vomiting, convulsions and if that wasn’t
enough, paralysis if ingested. While toxic to humans, waterfowl and other
birds eat the seeds and mallards eat the fruit. Bees will also make honey from their pollen
and hummingbirds will drink the nectar. It is found from north eastern Canada down
across most of the eastern United States and in Mexico The winged bersama or Bersama abyssinica is
a sub African saharan plant that produces a velvety purplish, moav fruit the size of
a crab apple. The purple on the outside with a yellow apple
flesh inside, this woody fruit is fuzzy almost peach like and has a bright red seed with
a yellow hat in the middle of it. Unusual and dazzling, all parts of the winged
bersama are highly poisonous and have been implicated in killing humans and livestock. This plant has such a strong effect on the
body lesser controlled doses of its roots, leaves and bark have been made into decoctions
to purge stomach worms, rabies, and malaria but it isn’t recommended anyone try this. The seeds from the fruit have been used as
a substitute for soap. The Jequirity bean or rosary pea is a slender
climbing plant known for twining itself around trees and hedges. Producing a green bean pod with bright red
seeds inside this plant native to Asia and Australia is anything but edible. Abrin the toxin present in the seeds if ingested,
even a single seed, well chewed, can be fatal to both adults and children. Symptoms of poisoning include nausea, vomiting,
convulsions, liver failure, bleeding from the eyes, drooling, bladder failure and death,
usually after several days. This seed is more famous for its use in jewelry. In Trinidad in the West Indies the brightly
colored seeds are strung into bracelets and worn around the wrist or ankle to ward off
jumbies or evil spirits and “mal-yeux”—the evil eye. In places around the world it has been introduced
where it wasn’t native to it has become highly invasive and because of it’s highly
poisonous contents it has been dubbed one of the world’s most dangerous plants. Clintonia uniflora or the Bluebead Lily or
Bride’s Bonnet Berry had it’s plant genus named after De Witt Clinton, an 18th-century
botanist and U.S. politician. This flowering plant in the lily family produces
a single round blue berry that looks delicable but it isn’t, it’s toxic. Commonly known as bead lily, queen’s cup
or bride’s bonnet.. who names these things… they are native to the mountains of northwest
North America like in Alaska, Alberta, Idaho, Montana, Washington, Oregon, California and
where I’m striking a pose here in British Columbia. The Bluebead Lily grows in the understory
of coniferous forests like these ones I hike in all the time. It’s important to note this plant as they
grow among wild blueberry bushes so children might easily mistake these for blueberries. The berries are mildly toxic and unpleasant
tasting which will have a stronger effect on children. The leaves though of this plant are edible
when they are young and taste like cucumber, when older they become really bitter. The roots on the other hand work as a natural
mosquito repellant. Being native to the west coast there is a
similar plant the Clintonia borealis which grows on the east coast and should also be
avoided. Native to much of Europe, where it inhabits
the edges of forest, hedges and gentle slopes, the european spindle or Euonymus europaeus
produces a small red fruit wrapped in pink leaves. A popular ornamental plant in gardens, they
are poisonous to not only eat the berries but to even touch the wood. Glycosides found in this plant can prove fatal
if 30 pods are consumed. Carpenters working with spindle wood have
fallen ill from the poisons from this tree. Vomiting, diarrhea, strong stomach pains,
nausea and dizziness are all common side effects coming in contact with it with more severe
cases including kidney failure and unconsciousness or death. Symptoms need to be treated within 18 hours
of ingestion if one is to survive this plant. Producing a bizarre set of flowers in the
summer and lasting well into the winter the Eucomis autumnalis or the pineapple lily is
a beautiful and toxic plant. This plant develops an array of flowers or
an inflorescent that is so densely packed they merge to form one large cluster which
is exactly how a pineapple grows. The bulb of the pineapple lily is poisonous
despite it looking like a yummy purple pineapple. Apparently, when seeped into water or milk
the juices of the pineapple lily can be used to treat fractures and lower back pain. I’m not sure how someone figured this out
especially when they probably got sick from eating the plant in the first place. Rumor has it this juice is excellent at helping
the body heal from all sorts of injuries as well as inflammation, hangovers and excessive
farting…. This plant exists naturally across a wide
area of South Africa which is found in open grasslands, mountain slopes, human marshes
and forest margins. The Doll’s eyes a wildflower found in mature
forests from Georgia to Canada is one a strike plant with a usual berry. Growing off their bright pink stems are white
berries with so-called pupils that appear black but in reality are dark purple giving
the appearance of a traditional chinese doll’s eyes. The pupil is the result of the black stigma
or the end of the flower being the left over part not grown over or almost like a scar
of the development. While visually appealing the doll’s eye
or white baneberry as it is also called is highly poisonous, not only the berries but
the stem, stalk and leaves as well. This member of the buttercup family has another
related species the red baneberry which as you can guess here produces red berries which
aren’t as fun looking but possibly even more enticing to eat but should be avoided
as well. The berries in both varieties contain cardiogenic
toxins which an have an immediate sedative effect on human cardiac muscle tissue, and
are the most poisonous part of the plant. Ingestion of the berries can lead to cardiac
arrest and death. The berries are harmless to birds, the plant’s
primary seed dispersers. Now for this episode’s riddle, the previous
answer was a stamp. See if you can get this one “I have two
hands, but I can not scratch myself. What am I?” Hope you enjoyed this episode why not check
out my episode on carnivorous plants and until the next one, have a good one.